Dark spots on the skin can range from light brown to dark brown. The spots are the same texture as the skin and are not painful. – By Sharon Maina.
There are different causes of dark spots for instance sun damage. People can develop dark spots by being exposed to the sun or tanning beds. Hormonal changes such as melisma may also lead to dark spots around the body. Also certain medication can lead to dark spots especially psychotropic drugs.
Inflammation on the skin such as acne may also cause dark spots .Wound healing like from a burn, cut may also cause dark spots on the skin.
Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment but some people may want to remove the spots for other purposes mainly beauty.
A dermatologist may prescribe creams or different procedures to remove the spots. Of course the creams will be cheaper and safer than the procedures since the procedures are more of operations and they may cause side effects.
The procedures are many. One of the procedures is microdermabrasion. During microdermabrasion, a dermatologist uses a special device that has an abrasive surface to remove the outer layer of the skin which may make the dark spots disappear.
Another procedure is laser treatment where intense pulse laser which breaks up the dark spots. One can also use chemical peels which one applies a solution to the skin which exfoliates the surface which may fade dark spots on the skin.
One can also get rid of them naturally by rubbing aloe Vera gel or lemon juice on the dark spots every day for a few minutes then rinsing them off until they disappear
One may avoid getting dark spots by using a sunscreen every day, wearing a hat when its too hot, treating skin conditions such as acne and avoiding the sun between 10am and 4pm since its usually the strongest therefore may cause dark spots.