Hurricane Fiona hammered Bermuda with heavy rains early Friday as the now-Category 3 storm marched toward northeastern Canada.
The center of the storm was passing northwest of Bermuda by Friday morning with maximum sustained winds nearing 125 mph, with higher gusts, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said. The storm was downgraded from a Category 4 hurricane as it made its way past the island, it said.
Now, it has its sights set on Atlantic Canada, where the strength of the storm will be historic for that region.
The Canadian Hurricane Centre said Fiona was expected to reach the waters of the maritime province of Nova Scotia by Friday evening, with “heavy rainfall” and powerful “hurricane force winds” expected to hit Atlantic Canada and eastern Quebec starting early Saturday.
“This storm is shaping up to be a severe event for Atlantic Canada and eastern Quebec,” it said on its website in an update early Friday. “Numerous weather models are consistent in their prediction of what we call a deep hybrid low pressure system, possessing both tropical and intense winter storm properties, with very heavy rainfall and severe winds.”
Hurricanes in Canada are relatively rare, with storms typically losing their main source of energy as they hit colder waters.
However, Canada’s eastern coast has seen such storms before, including Hurricane Juan in 2003, which heavily affected parts of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island and resulted in multiple deaths, according to Canada’s hurricane center. The storm also caused widespread power outages, major tree damage and delivered record coastal water levels, it said.
The North Atlantic, where Fiona is headed, also represents some of the fastest warming waters in the world, with the warming sea surface temperatures in the region attributed to climate change.
The hurricane center said the severe winds and rain expected to come with Fiona would have “major impacts” for eastern Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, western Newfoundland, eastern Quebec and southeastern Labrador.
“There will also be large waves, especially for the Atlantic coasts of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and eastern portions of the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” the hurricane center said. It also warned of that high possibility of a “storm surge,” or an abnormal rise of water caused by a storm, in parts of Nova Scotia, western Newfoundland and the Gulf of St. Lawrence.